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Ecology of Fungi in Wildland Soils along the Mauna Loa Transect

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Title: Ecology of Fungi in Wildland Soils along the Mauna Loa Transect
Authors: Stoner, Martin F.
Stoner, Darleen K.
Baker, Gladys E.
LC Subject Headings: Mauna Loa (Hawaii Island, Hawaii)
Soil ecology -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Soil fungi -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Issue Date: Nov 1975
Publisher: Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program
Citation: Stoner MF, Stoner DK, Baker GE. 1975. Ecology of fungi in wildland soils along the Mauna Loa Transect. Honolulu (HI): Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program. International Biological Program Technical Report, 75. 102 pages.
Series/Report no.: International Biological Program Technical Report
75
Abstract: The distribution of fungi in soils along the Mauna Loa Transect was determined by an approach employing specific fungal reference genera, selective isolation methods, and a combination of analytical techniques. Two sets of transect zones were determined on the basis of fungal distribution. The influence of environmental factors, particularly those relating to soil, vascular plant communities, and climate, are interpreted according to distribution patterns. The distribution of fungal groups coincided clearly with vascular plant communities of the transect as defined by other studies. Features of the structure, stability, and development of fungal communities, and of the ecological roles of certain fungi are indicated by the results. The composition, spatial distribution, and environmental relationships of fungal communities along the Mauna Loa Transect are compared with situations in other insular and continental ecosystems in order to further characterize and elucidate the ecology of the Hawaiian soil-borne mycoflora. An overall evaluation of the research indicates that the selective methods employed to evaluate fungal distribution represent an effective approach to ecosystem analysis on a broad scale.
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.
Sponsor: It is a pleasure to acknowledge the excellent cooperation and many forms of assistance provided during the course of this research by personnel of the Department of Botany and the IBP program at the University of Hawaii. We wish to express special thanks to Dr. Dieter Mueller-Dombois for his sustained interest and support, valued ecological counsel, and review of this manuscript; Dr. Kent W. Bridges for insights into statistical analyses, for his role as interpreter between us and the computer, and for his review of this manuscript; Dr. N. P. Kefford for his help in arranging laboratory facilities and his continued interest in our work; Ms. Lynnette Araki and Ms. Bobbie Myers for extensive technical assistance during the entire course of the project; Messrs. Jim Jacobi, H. Eddie Smith, and Terry Parman for assistance with field studies at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; Ms. R. Lani Stemmerman fox help with the organization of data; and Mr. Nadarajah 'Bala' Balakrishnan and Dr. Paul H. Dunn for their helpfulness. We sincerely appreciate the prompt assistance with mineral analyses provided by Mr. Roger T. Watanabe, Assistant Specialist Soil Science with the University of Hawaii. We wish to thank Mr. Oran F. Bailey, State Soil Scientist with the U.S.D.A. Soil Conservation Service, Honolulu, for his valuable guidance which facilitated our tentative classification of soils along the transect, and generally enriched our understanding of edaphic features on Mauna Loa. Mr. Tamotsu Nakata of the National Marine Fisheries Service deserves acknowledgement for his fine graphic work on the transect zonation and population diagrams.
Pages/Duration: 102 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/34435
Rights: CC0 1.0 Universal
Appears in Collections:International Biological Program Technical Reports (1970-1975)



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