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Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.
|Title:||Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.|
|Publisher:||Botany Department, University of Hawaii at Manoa|
|Citation:||Dexter, D., Martin, K., Travis, L. 2014. Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 12: 355-384.|
|Abstract:||The 2011 Carroll College Archaeological Field School conducted an exploratory excavation within the Beaver Creek Rock Shelter in southwestern Montana, U.S.A. The excavation exposed four cultural occupation layers dat-ing to over 2,500 years ago. Pollen retrieved from the pa-leoenvironmental record included a wide variety of plants. Seven plant families were found in three of the occupa-tion layers and in only one natural layer. This research reviewed the traditional Native American ethnobotanical uses of those seven plant families. They were used pri-marily for medicinal purposes. Although archaeologists have traditionally viewed botanical remains as evidence of prehistoric subsistence, this research demonstrates ar-chaeologists’ need to use caution in assuming plant re-mains in the archaeological record are predominately tied to subsistence.|
|Appears in Collections:||2014 - Volume 12 : Ethnobotany Research and Applications|