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Economic analysis of the proposed rule to prevent arrival of new genetic strains of the rust fungus Puccinia psidii in Hawai‘i

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Title: Economic analysis of the proposed rule to prevent arrival of new genetic strains of the rust fungus Puccinia psidii in Hawai‘i
Authors: Burnett, Kimberly
D’Evelyn, Sean
Loope, Lloyd
Wada, Christopher
Keywords: Puccinia psidii
Eugenia koolauensis
Syzygium jambos
LC Subject Headings: Puccinia -- Hawaii.
Rust diseases -- Hawaii.
Ohia lehua -- Diseases and pests -- Hawaii.
Plant quarantine -- Economic aspects -- Hawaii.
Myrtaceae -- Diseases and pests -- Hawaii.
Issue Date: Jan 2012
Publisher: Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa
Citation: Burnett K, D'Evelyn S, Loope L, Wada D. 2012. Economic analysis of the proposed rule to prevent arrival of new genetic strains of the rust fungus Puccinia psidii in Hawai‘i. Honolulu (HI): Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Technical Report, 184. 50 pp.
Series/Report no.: Technical Report
177
Abstract: Since its first documented introduction to Hawai‘i in 2005, the rust fungus P. psidii has already severely damaged Syzygium jambos (Indian rose apple) trees and the federally-endangered Eugenia koolauensis (nioi). Fortunately, the particular strain has yet to cause serious damage to ‘ōhi‘a, which comprises roughly 80% of the state’s native forests and covers 400,000 ha. Although the rust has affected less than 5% of Hawaii’s ‘ōhi‘a trees thus far, the introduction of more virulent strains and the genetic evolution of the current strain are still possible. Since the primary pathway of introduction is Myrtaceae plant material imported from outside the state, potential damage to ‘ohi‘a can be minimized by regulating those high-risk imports. We discuss the economic impact on the state’s florist, nursery, landscaping, and forest plantation industries of a proposed rule that would ban the import of non-seed Myrtaceae plant material and require a one-year quarantine of seeds. Our analysis suggests that the benefits to the forest plantation industry of a complete ban on non-seed material would likely outweigh the costs to other affected sectors, even without considering the reduction in risk to ‘ōhi‘a. Incorporating the value of ‘ōhi‘a protection would further increase the benefit-cost ratio in favor of an import ban.
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/33197
Rights: CC0 1.0 Universal
Appears in Collections:The PCSU and HPI-CESU Technical Reports 1974 - current



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