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Palauan Velar Nasals and the Diachronic Development of PMP Noun Phrases: A Response to Blust

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Title: Palauan Velar Nasals and the Diachronic Development of PMP Noun Phrases: A Response to Blust
Authors: Reid, Lawrence A.
Keywords: Proto-Malayo-Polynesian
Historical morphology
Ligature
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Noun-phrase structure
LC Subject Headings: Proto-Oceanic language
Palauan language
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Reid, Lawrence. "Palauan Velar Nasals and the Diachronic Development of PMP Noun Phrases: A Response to Blust." Oceanic Linguistics 49, no. 2 (2010): 436-477.
Series/Report no.: Oceanic Linguistics
vol. 49
no. 2
Abstract: This paper is a response to the account by Robert Blust (in the December 2009 issue of this journal) of the origin of the Palauan velar nasals that are found at the beginning of otherwise vowel-initial words and at the end of some Palauan numerals. His claim that they are an “epenthetic” sound change rather than the result of morphological reanalysis is shown to be incorrect. Each of the three objections that Blust raised to the morphological solution of the “mysterious” Palauan velar nasals is shown to be unfounded. It is shown that they are probably fossilized clitic velar nasal ligatures having the same source as those that are found as enclitics on nominal specifiers from Tagalog ang to Malay yang. The paper also responds to Blust’s claims that my earlier reconstruction of Proto–Malayo-Polynesian (PMP) phrase-marking forms and their historical development involve changes unparalleled in historical phonology. A detailed account is provided of what is known about PMP noun phrase structure (especially those with numeral heads), the forms that introduce NPs, and the evidence for reconstructing an attributive marking “ligature” *na (alternating with *=n and *=a) with subsequent changes to *=ŋ and *=ŋa, changes that are commonly found in other languages and that have also left their mark on Palauan.
Pages/Duration: 42 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/32998
Appears in Collections:Lawrence A. Reid: Articles, Monographs, Book Chapters



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