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Analog observation of parent-child communication with children who are deaf or hard of hearing

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Item Summary

Title: Analog observation of parent-child communication with children who are deaf or hard of hearing
Authors: Stern, Jeffrey D.
Advisor: Haynes, Stephen
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: University of Hawaii at Manoa
Abstract: Children who are deaf or hard of hearing often have behavior problems, such as social immaturity, conduct problems, and hyperactivity (Meadow-Orlans, 1990). Parent-child communication has been implicated in several studies as a causal factor (Meadow-Orlans, 1990). However, there have been no empirical studies that address the functional relation between parent-child communication and behavior problems with deaf and hard of hearing children. Before any functional relation can be explored, a valid and reliable instrument for assessing parent-child communication in dyads with children who are deaf or hard of hearing must be developed. This set of studies included the development, refinement, and evaluation of the psychometric properties of an analog observation instrument to assess parent-child communication in dyads including deaf or hard of hearing children. In study 1, a communication questionnaire was developed and distributed to parents of deaf children, deaf adults, and professionals working with deaf and hard of hearing children. Respondents gave examples of situations, topics, and behaviors associated with parent-child communication problems in this population. In study 2, role play analog situations and behavior categories developed from study 1 were reviewed by experts. Experts rated the analog situations for their ability to elicit parent-child communication problems and the behavioral categories on the degree to which they reflect parent-child communication problems. Five analog situations and three behavior categories were selected for the Parent-Child Analog Situation Observation (P-CASO). In study 3, fifty-two parent-child dyads were given the P-CASO, the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1992), and a demographics questionnaire. Videotapes of the communications were transcribed and coded for caregiver "directives," caregiver "continuations," and caregiver-child "eye contact." The internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminative validity of the P-CASO were examined. Results indicate that the P-CASO has good internal consistency and good interrater reliability. The instrument also demonstrated moderate discrimination between dyads using "spoken English only" and dyads using "at least some signs." Correlations between Child Behavior Checklist T-scores and P-CASO behavior category Total Scores were not statistically significant and failed to lend support to the hypothesis that parent-child communication and behavior problems with deaf and hard of hearing children are functionally related.
Description: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2003.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 193-203).
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Also available by subscription via World Wide Web
x, 203 leaves, bound 29 cm
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D. - Psychology

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