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dc.contributor.advisor Baruffi, Gigliola en_US Sato, Alvin H. en_US 2008-10-24T23:53:38Z 2008-10-24T23:53:38Z 2002 en_US
dc.identifier en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 20##. en_US
dc.description Mode of access: World Wide Web. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 110-115). en_US
dc.description Electronic reproduction. en_US
dc.description Also available by subscription via World Wide Web en_US
dc.description xiii, 115 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between unintended pregnancies and demographic factors in Hawaiʻi, and to investigate the relationship between unintended pregnancies and violence in Hawaiʻi. This study used an observational, cross-sectional probability sample drawn women from June 1999 through December 1999. Women who were selected received Hawaiʻi Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaires generated from the Hawaiʻi State Department of Health. The main variables from the PRAMS questionnaire investigated in the study were maternal pregnancy intendedness, physical abuse 12 months before pregnancy and physical violence during pregnancy. Controlling variables investigated were maternal age, maternal education, marital status, geographical location, maternal ethnicity, parity status, Quest status, source of prenatal care, and contraceptive use. This dissertation supports the proposed ecological conceptual framework for understanding unintended pregnancies and physical violence during and around the time of pregnancy. Using this model, it could be hypothesized that women with unintended pregnancies tend to live in less stable environments and therefore unintended pregnancies and physical violence could be part of the same social problems. In general, bivariate analysis showed unintended pregnancies were significantly associated with SES factors. However, controlling for all variables in the model, only maternal age, parity status, marital status and contraceptive use were significantly associated with unintended pregnancies. Crude odds ratio showed a significant association between maternal pregnancy intendedness and physical abuse twelve months prior to pregnancy. However, when controlling for all variables in the study model proved to be not significant. A better understanding of unintended pregnancies and physical abuse around the time of pregnancies would help professionals in Hawaiʻi to screen for at risk individuals. en_US
dc.format electronic resource en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Biomedical Sciences (Biostatistics - Epidemiology); no. 4269 en_US
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.title Pregnancy intendedness in Hawaiʻi: findings from the Hawaiʻi pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system, 1999 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
dc.contributor.department Biomedical Sciences en_US 2002-12 en_US
local.identifier.callnumber AC1 .H3 no. 4269 en_US
local.thesis.degreelevel PhD en_US

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