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dc.contributor.author Cheney, Daniel P en_US
dc.contributor.author Hemmes, Don E en_US
dc.contributor.author Nolan, Ronald en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-18T00:23:25Z en_US
dc.date.available 2008-10-18T00:23:25Z en_US
dc.date.issued 1977-01 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Cheney DP, Hemmes DE, Nolan R. 1977. The physiography and marine fauna of inshore and intertidal areas in the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 13. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2950 en_US
dc.description Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.description.abstract This report describes the physiography and marine fauna of waters enclosed by the boundaries of the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site from the high tide mark to approximately 150 m from shore. Line transect and qualitative methods were employed to sample the benthic and demersal macrofauna within biotopes ranging from brackish pools to coral patch reefs. Spot checks were also made outside the survey site for comparative purposes. With few exceptions, the reef ecosystem within the site is depauperate. About half as many species of fish (63) were observed as were previously reported (111 species) in an area a few hundred meters seaward of the site. Grey reef, blacktip, and whitetip reef sharks were commonly seen breaking the surface near the presumed site of the Hale o Kapuni heiau. The sharks may have been attracted by the warm waters of the site and/or to the large schools of juvenile mullet seen within these waters. Striking gradients in diversity and distribution of benthic invertebrates were typically correlated with substrate and water quality factors. Corals in the site were under moderate to heavy siltation stress and inshore areas were dominated by opportunistic species. Recommendations to stabilize and improve the reef ecosystem are given. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 6 0031 en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Technical Report en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 13 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Geomorphology -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Marine animals -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site (Hawaii) en_US
dc.title The physiography and marine fauna of inshore and intertidal areas in the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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