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Title: The physiography and marine fauna of inshore and intertidal areas in the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site 
Author: Cheney, Daniel P; Hemmes, Don E; Nolan, Ronald
Date: 1977-01
Publisher: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany
Citation: Cheney DP, Hemmes DE, Nolan R. 1977. The physiography and marine fauna of inshore and intertidal areas in the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 13.
Abstract: This report describes the physiography and marine fauna of waters enclosed by the boundaries of the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site from the high tide mark to approximately 150 m from shore. Line transect and qualitative methods were employed to sample the benthic and demersal macrofauna within biotopes ranging from brackish pools to coral patch reefs. Spot checks were also made outside the survey site for comparative purposes.

With few exceptions, the reef ecosystem within the site is depauperate. About half as many species of fish (63) were observed as were previously reported (111 species) in an area a few hundred meters seaward of the site. Grey reef, blacktip, and whitetip reef sharks were commonly seen breaking the surface near the presumed site of the Hale o Kapuni heiau. The sharks may have been attracted by the warm waters of the site and/or to the large schools of juvenile mullet seen within these waters.

Striking gradients in diversity and distribution of benthic invertebrates were typically correlated with substrate and water quality factors. Corals in the site were under moderate to heavy siltation stress and inshore areas were dominated by opportunistic species. Recommendations to stabilize and improve the reef ecosystem are given.
Series/Report No.: Technical Report
13
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.
Sponsorship: National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 6 0031
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2950
LC Subject Headings: Geomorphology -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Marine animals -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site (Hawaii)

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