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Title: Degradation and Recovery of Vegetation on Kaho'olawe Island, Hawai'i: A Photographic Journey 
Author: Warren, Steven D.
Date: 2004-07
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Warren SD. 2004. Degradation and recovery of vegetation on Kaho'olawe Island, Hawai'i: a photographic journey. Pac Sci 58(3): 461-495.
Abstract: Over the past five centuries, the Hawaiian island of Kaho'olawe has
suffered the ravages of slash-and-burn agriculture, interisland warfare, severe
overgrazing by domestic and feral livestock, and military training. During the
1930s, Bishop Museum personnel photographed portions of Kaho'olawe and
documented the degraded condition of the island. Many of the same locations
were photographed during the early 1990s. Paired comparisons of the photographs
illustrate a remarkable recovery of the vegetation on the island. The recovery
is attributable to early introductions of plant species for livestock forage,
followed by eradication of the livestock, and more recent erosion control and
revegetation efforts. Barring renewal of environmentally deleterious activities,
the outlook for Kaho'olawe is promising.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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