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Anatomy and Taxonomy of Three Species of Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, Including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp.

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Title: Anatomy and Taxonomy of Three Species of Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, Including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp.
Authors: Daly, Marymegan
Issue Date: Jul 2004
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Daly M. 2004. Anatomy and taxonomy of three species of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp.. Pac Sci 58(3): 377-390.
Abstract: Specimens of actiniarians from the Gulf of California having a column
densely covered with vesicles or verrucae have been attributed to one of
three species: Anthopleura dowii, Bunodactis mexicana, or Bunodosoma californica.
These three species are difficult to distinguish and are at least partly synonymous:
Bunodosoma californica is a pro parte synonym of A. dowii and Bunodactis
mexicana is a junior synonym of A. dowii. However, based on anatomy, coloration
patterns, types of cnidae in the column, and habitat preferences, I discern
three distinct species. I describe specimens attributed to Bunodaetis mexicana not
belonging to A. dowii as Isoaulactinia hespervolita, n. sp. I redescribe Bunodosoma
californica and A. dowii and designate a lectotype for Bunodosoma californica to
resolve taxonomic confusion.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2750
ISSN: 0030-8870
Appears in Collections:Pacific Science Volume 58, Number 3, 2004



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