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dc.contributor.author van Beukering, Pieter JH en_US
dc.contributor.author Cesar, Herman SJ en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-03T07:16:20Z en_US
dc.date.available 2008-10-03T07:16:20Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2004-04 en_US
dc.identifier.citation van Beukering PJH, Cesar HSJ. 2004. Ecological economic modeling of coral reefs: evaluating tourist overuse at Hanauma Bay and algae blooms at the Kihei coast, Hawai'i. Pac Sci 58(2): 243-260. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2724 en_US
dc.description.abstract In this paper we present the first ecological economic model of coral reefs in Hawai'i. This model contains the main elements required to assess the full picture of coral reef management and thereby enables scientists and managers to evaluate ecological and economic impacts effectively. The model is applied to two case studies, tourist overuse in Hanauma Bay, O'ahu, and algae blooms along the Kihei coast, Maui. The Hanauma study showed that visitors are willing to pay much more for their experience (around $10) than they are currently doing and that the net benefits of the education program (around $100 million) greatly exceed the cost of the program (around $23 million) over time. The Kihei coast study concluded that the algae problem causes large losses of real estate value and hotel business and that mitigation could result in benefits of $30 million over time. This would justify major investments in lowering nutrient discharges in the coastal zone. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press en_US
dc.title Ecological Economic Modeling of Coral Reefs: Evaluating Tourist Overuse at Hanauma Bay and Algae Blooms at the Kihei Coast, Hawai'i en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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