Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/27121

Imu o nui mai mauka i kai: Contemporary Native Hawaiian Gathering Practices in Culturally Vibrant Communities

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Item Summary

Title: Imu o nui mai mauka i kai: Contemporary Native Hawaiian Gathering Practices in Culturally Vibrant Communities
Authors: Kamelamela, Katie
Keywords: traditional ecological knowledge
ethnoecology & conservation
ethnoecology
conservation
plants
show 1 morebotany
show less
Issue Date: Aug 2011
Publisher: Hawaii Conservation Alliance
19th Hawaii Conservation Conference
Best Student Poster
Abstract: Communities around the world depend on plants for subsistence and cultural perpetuation. There is limited data available on contemporary gathering practices in indigenous communities worldwide. Factors affecting current gathering practices in Hawaii include ungulates, disease, invasive species, water diversion, urbanization, climate change and national security. This research addresses 1) what (42 of 196) plants Hawaiians commonly gathered and cultivated historically, 2) plants currently gathered in culturally vibrant communities, and 3) plants currently wanted or sold in Hawaii. In an ahupua’a case study it was observed that 60% of plants gathered were in support of imu practices. Imu, or umu, is a traditional food preparation technique utilized across Oceania for over 4,000 years, where staples are baked or steamed in an underground oven, for nutritional or ceremonial purposes. A comparison of gathering practices was conducted utilizing 2 years of participant observations, (20) semi-structured interviews, (130) surveys and online market tracking methodology. The gathering of native species for timber is a historical preference on Hawaii Island for imu and is possible because of continued land clearing in areas such as Puna and Hilo. Practitioners would rather see timber, native and invasive, be put to use rather than rot or used for mulch. Native Hawaiians still depend on plants for subsistence and cultural perpetuation. Understanding what plants are commonly gathered and what species the community would like to gather more of can provide insight for conservation efforts and place based partnerships in Hawaii.
Description: PDF Poster Presentation
Pages/Duration: 1
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/27121
Rights: contact author governing use and reproduction for this item.
Appears in Collections:All Graduate Scholarship
Kamelamela, Katie



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