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Title: Removal of alien red mangrove from Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park 
Author: Fronda, Rizal; Lane-Kamahele, Melia; Harry, Bryan
Date: 2008-12
Publisher: Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany
Citation: Fronda R, Lane-Kamahele M, Harry B. 2008. Removal of alien red mangrove from Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park. Honolulu (HI): Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 162.
Abstract: In the late 1970s red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle, an invasive alien climax tree, invaded the Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park saltwater marshes and formed dense closed forest stands. The mangrove impaired nationally significant archeological sites, not only visually but also the physical structures necessitating its removal. The need to protect the physical integrity of the structures complicated any work to control the trees. Beginning in 1988 park maintenance crews carefully began hand-removing the mangrove and systematically controlling reinvading seedling sprouts. By the mid-1990s all mangrove stands on park-owned lands had been removed. Controlling reinvading mangrove sprouts remains a never-ending maintenance endeavor.
Series/Report No.: Technical Report
162
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.
Sponsorship: National Park Cooperative Agreement CA 8039 2 001
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/26749
Keywords: Rhizophora mangle
LC Subject Headings: Invasive plants -- Control -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Red mangrove -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)

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