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Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii

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Title: Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii
Authors: Smathers, Garrett A.
Mueller-Dombois, Dieter
Keywords: Kilauea Iki
LC Subject Headings: Revegetation -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Plants -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Plant ecology -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
Plant succession -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
Plants -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
show 2 moreVolcanoes -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii.
Kilauea Volcano (Hawaii)

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Issue Date: Sep 1972
Publisher: Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program
Citation: Smathers GA, Mueller-Dombois D. 1972. Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii. Honolulu (HI): Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program. International Biological Program Technical Report, 10.
Series/Report no.: International Biological Program Technical Report
Abstract: A major volcanic eruption on the Island of Hawaii in December 1959 devastated one existing montane rain- and seasonal-forest covering an area of about 500 ha. The eruption resulted in a massive pahoehoe lava substrate on the crater floor of Kilauea Iki, in a new cinder cone, in an area covered with spatter and another with an extensive blanket of pumice varying along a fallout gradient from over 46 m to less than 2 cm deep. Six new habitats were recognized by kinds of substrate and remains of former vegetation. A study was made of plant invasion and recovery from the time of the disturbance till nine years thereafter. Plant records consisted primarily of periodically listing species by cover abundance in a large number of quadrants along a transect system that crossed the crater floor and extended about 3 km along the fallout gradient. The atmospheric environment was studied concurrently by records of rainfall, lateral rain- and steam-interception and desiccating power. The substrates were examined for their soil moisture properties, temperatures, mineralogical properties and available plant nutrients.
Sponsor: The project was financed in part by the National Park Service, Department of Interior, in part by NSF Grant GB 4686 to D. Mueller-Dombois, entitled "Ecology of vegetation on new volcanic materials," and in the later phases by NSF Grant GB 23230 to the Hawaii IBP/ISLAND ECOYSTEMS Integrated Research Program
Pages/Duration: 172 pages
Appears in Collections:International Biological Program Technical Reports (1970-1975)

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