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Contact languages around the world and their levels of endangerment

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Title: Contact languages around the world and their levels of endangerment
Authors: Lee, Nala H.
Keywords: contact languages
creoles and pidgins
language vitality
language endangerment
Issue Date: Feb 2018
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Lee, Nala H. 2018. Contact languages around the world and their levels of endangerment. Language Documentation & Conservation 12: 53-79.
Abstract: This paper provides an up-to-date report on the vitality or endangerment status of contact languages around the world, including pidgins, creoles, and mixed languages. By utilizing information featured in the Endangered Languages Project and the Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Languages online portals, 96 contact languages are assessed on the Language Endangerment Index, a method of assessment that is based on four factors including intergenerational transmission, absolute number of speakers, speaker number trends, and domains of use. Results show that the contact languages are most at risk with respect to intergenerational transmission and domains of use. This is explained by the social and historical nature of contact languages. Overall results further raise the concern that the proportion of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages at some level of risk is extremely high. Reasons are provided for why linguists should be concerned about the endangerment of these languages.
Sponsor: National Foreign Language Resource Center
Pages/Duration: 27 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24764
ISSN: 1934-5275
Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Volume 12 : Language Documentation & Conservation


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