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Assessing the Linguistic Vitality of Miqie: An Endangered Ngwi (Loloish) Language of Yunnan, China

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Title: Assessing the Linguistic Vitality of Miqie: An Endangered Ngwi (Loloish) Language of Yunnan, China
Authors: Gao, Katie B
Keywords: linguistic vitality
endangered languages
Miqie
Yunnan
China
Issue Date: Sep 2015
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Gao, Katie B. 2015. Assessing the Linguistic Vitality of Miqie: An Endangered Ngwi (Loloish) Language of Yunnan, China. Language Documentation & Conservation 9. 164-191.
Abstract: Language shift is the process by which a speech community in a contact situation gradually abandons one language in favor of another. Because the causal factors of language shift are largely social (Fishman 1991), languages, groups, and communities with diverse social situations can be expected to exhibit varying levels of language shift. This paper reports on the linguistic vitality of Miqie [ISO 639-3:yiq], an endangered Central Ngwi/Yi language of Yunnan, China, and identifies the social factors contributing to language shift. Findings from participant interviews in 11 village survey points show there are varying degrees of language endangerment, with intermarriage and access to a major road as primary indicators of shift. This paper evaluates different tools for assessing linguistic vitality and uses the Language Endangerment Index (Lee & Van Way in press) to assess Miqie language endangerment at the village level. Language shift information is essential in the description and documentation of a language, especially because the contexts in which the language is spoken may disappear faster than the language itself.
Sponsor: National Foreign Language Resource Center
Pages/Duration: 28
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24640
ISSN: 1934-5275
Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 United States
Appears in Collections:Volume 09 : Language Documentation & Conservation



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