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dc.contributor.author Randall, John E en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-24T19:22:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-24T19:22:03Z
dc.date.issued 2005-01 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Randall JE. Review of clupeotoxism, an often fatal illness from the consumption of clupeoid fishes. Pac Sci 59(1): 73-77. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24162
dc.description.abstract Poisoning from eating clupeoid fishes such as sardines and herrings (Clupeidae) or anchovies (Engaulidae), termed clupeotoxism, is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas of the world but rare. A fatal case occurred in Kaua'i in 1978 from the consumption of the Marquesan Sardine (Sardinella marquesensis). This species has been replaced in abundance in the Hawaiian Islands by another import, the Goldspot Sardine (Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus). Onuma et al. (1999) obtained the head of a specimen of this sardine that caused a fatality in Madagascar and found that it contained palytoxin. Because bottom sediment was detected on the gills and in the esophagus, they concluded that the fish is a bottom-feeder, and the benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis siamensis, known to produce palytoxin, the toxic organism. The sediment on the gills was more likely the result of the fish being dragged over the substratum by a seine. The Goldspot Sardine feeds on zooplankton, not benthic organisms. Therefore, a pelagic dinoflagellate is the probable producer of palytoxin. en_US
dc.format.extent 6 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries vol. 59, no. 1 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Clupeidae--Venom--Madagascar. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Dinoflagellates--Madagascar. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Natural history--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Science--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Natural history--Pacific Area--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Review of clupeotoxism, an often fatal illness from the consumption of clupeoid fishes en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
local.identifier.callnumber QH1 .P33

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