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Title: Bryoliths (Bryozoa) in the Gulf of California. 
Author: James, D. W.; Foster, M. S.; O’Sullivan, J.
Date: 2006-01
Publisher: Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press
Citation: James DW, Foster MS, O’Sullivan J. Bryoliths (Bryozoa) in the Gulf of California. Pac Sci 60(1): 117-124.
Abstract: Populations of Diaperoforma californica (d’Orbigny) bryoliths were discovered in rhodolith beds, a sand habitat, and on a cobble bottom in the Gulf of California, Mexico, the first known observation of a modern free-living cyclostome bryozoan in the Northern Hemisphere. Densities ranged from a mean of 9.2 to 22.6 individuals/0.06 m2. Bryoliths from the deepest site were irregularly shaped and had the highest variation in shape; those from shallow sites were spheroidal. Water motion and bioturbation move the bryoliths and may determine their morphology. Schizomavella robertsonae (Soule, Soule & Chaney) bryoliths also occurred occasionally in one rhodolith bed sampled. Fossilized bryolith specimens of the cyclostome Diaperoforma californica (d’Orbigny) were found in a Pleistocene deposit near modern habitats.
Series/Report No.: vol. 60, no.1
Description: v. ill. 23 cm. Quarterly
Pages/Duration: 8 p.
ISSN: 0030-8870
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/22552
LC Subject Headings: Natural history--Periodicals.
Science--Periodicals
Natural history--Pacific Area--Periodicals.

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