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dc.contributor.author Strathmann , Megumi F en_US
dc.contributor.author Strathmann, Richard R. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-08T22:00:12Z en_US
dc.date.available 2012-05-08T22:00:12Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2006-01 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Strathmann MF, Strathmann RR. A Vermetid Gastropod with Complex Intracapsular Cannibalism of Nurse Eggs and Sibling Larvae and a High Potential for Invasion. Pac Sci 60(1): 97-108. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/22550 en_US
dc.description v. ill. 23 cm. en_US
dc.description Quarterly en_US
dc.description.abstract A vermetid gastropod, previously unreported from the Pacific Ocean, was found at O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, in aquariums at the Kewalo Marine Laboratory, in fouling communities on docks, and on intertidal and shallow subtidal coral rubble. It also occurs on coral rubble in Florida. Eggs, or nurse eggs, and early embryos are about 100 mm in diameter. Young are brooded in 1–13 stalked capsules attached inside the tubular shell. Intracapsular development involves an unusual complex adelphophagy (sibling cannibalism). Most eggs are nondeveloping nurse eggs. Ten to 20 eggs develop into apparently normal small veligers. Of these most arrest as small veligers, but a few grow to hatch as large pediveligers or juveniles. The species has a high potential for invasion and establishment following maritime transport or natural rafting. Protected intracapsular development ends with the release of crawling hatchlings that also produce mucous threads on which they can drift. Juveniles settle readily on hard substrata. An apparent rarity or absence of males suggests long-term sperm storage, hermaphroditism, or parthenogenesis, any of which could aid colonization. Adults and juveniles occur in fouling communities and can survive extended periods in still seawater and at low food levels. The species’ global distribution and history of invasions are unknown. We predict widespread distribution and invasions in warm waters. en_US
dc.format.extent 12 p. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries vol. 60, no.1 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Natural history--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Science--Periodicals en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Natural history--Pacific Area--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title A Vermetid Gastropod with Complex Intracapsular Cannibalism of Nurse Eggs and Sibling Larvae and a High Potential for Invasion. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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