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Title: Beyond armed resistance : ethnonational politics in Burma (Myanmar) 
Author: Thawnghmung, Ardeth Maung
Date: 2011
Publisher: Honolulu : East-West Center
Abstract: This paper sheds light on the activities of non-armed members of ethnic minorities in Burma, insufficiently studied actors in the conventional study of ethnic politics in Burma that has long been dominated by a focus on ethnonational armed resistance groups and ceasefire groups. Focusing on the Kachin, Karen, Mon, and Shan ethnic groups, the study describes nine major economic, political, and geographical categories of civilian experience, followed by four contributions that non-armed members of ethnic minority groups may make to the political system: (1) supporting the status quo, (2) transforming or undermining the status quo, (3) promoting collective identity and culture and addressing humanitarian needs, and (4) helping to mediate ceasefire agreements. The study demonstrates the need to be aware of the full range of nonviolent political actions that exist among ethnic minority populations and argues that policy responses must look beyond the role of armed groups and become more sensitive to the needs of the diverse members of ethnic communities.
Series/Report No.: East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy studies ; 62
Description: For more about the East-West Center, see http://www.eastwestcenter.org/
Pages/Duration: 67 p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/22293
LC Subject Headings: Burma - Ethnic relations - Political aspects
Nonviolence - Burma
Burma - Politics and government - 1988-
Passive resistance - Burma

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  • East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy Studies [58]
    Policy Studies presents scholarly analysis of key contemporary domestic and international political, economic, and strategic issues affecting Asia in a policy relevant manner. Written for the policy community, academics, journalists, and the informed public, the peer-reviewed publications in this series provide new policy insights and perspectives based on extensive fieldwork and rigorous scholarship.

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