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Title: Ethnobotanical Knowledge of Men, Women and Children in Rural Niger: A mixedmethods approach 
Author: Guimbo, Iro Dan; Muller, Jocelyn; Larwanou, Mahamane
Date: 2011
Publisher: University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Guimbo I D, Muller J, Larwanou M. 2011. Ethnobotanical knowledge of men, women and children in rural Niger: A mixedmethods approach. Ethnobotany Res Appl 9:235-242.
Abstract: Ethnobotanical studies often underestimate or misrepresent impacts of age and gender on individual ethnobotanical knowledge. This paper compares two common methodologies, participant observation and key-informant interviews, to examine the variation of ethnobotanical knowledge across age and gender in three communities in rural southwest Niger. We compared lists of plants mentioned in interviews as food, fodder, construction and medicine, to lists compiled from observations of daily activities. Compared to men, women reported more edible plants, different medicinal plants, and less detailed information on construction plants. Interview data indicated ethnobotanical knowledge increased with age. However, in observations youth ate a greater diversity of food plants and identified and ranked fodder species more quickly than adults. This paper supports previous research on age and gender effects on ethnobotanical knowledge and critiques common research methods and assumptions. We advocate for mixed-method approaches to gather more nuanced understandings of ethnobotanical knowledge.
Description: research
ISSN: 1547-3465

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