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Item Description Huckstep, Odaro J. en_US 2011-07-22T00:11:14Z 2011-07-22T00:11:14Z 2007 en_US
dc.description Thesis (M.S.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2007. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 29-31). en_US
dc.description v, 31 leaves, bound 29 cm en_US
dc.description.abstract Fluid handling is known to differ between males and females. Interactions between sex steroids such as estrogen with fluid regulating hormones like vasopressin (VP) are likely key to establishing these differences. Research has identified estrogen receptor (ER) α and β in renal tissue which may affect renal fluid handling. Thus, this study hypothesized that chronic ethanol exposure would elicit different alterations to water load excretion between male and female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats due to changes in renal VP V2 receptor (V2R) or ER mRNA expression. Therefore, in this study we compared 120 minute excretion of a 2% Body Weight (BW) water load between male control (n=6) and ethanol-fed (n=14) rats, and female control (n=26) and ethanol-fed (n=26) rats. Additionally renal papilla mRNA expression of V2R, ERα, and ERβ was compared between male control (n=5) and ethanol-fed (n=15) rats, and female control (n=12) and ethanol-fed (n=17) rats. Female ethanol fed rats showed a 16% reduction in water load excretion (p<0.05) compared to controls. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the decreased water excretion in ethanol-fed females was accompanied by a 40% increase in V2R mRNA (p<0.05) and a 146% increase in ERβ mRNA (p<0.05) in renal papilla tissue compared to controls. In contrast, ethanol treatment in male rats resulted in no difference in water excretion, and yielded no change to V2R or ERβ mRNA expression in the renal papilla. ERα expression was not different between males and females, nor affected by ethanol treatment. Overall, these results suggest that females can better compensate for the dehydrating effects of ethanol exposure by increasing renal responsiveness to VP via upregulating renal V2R. Also, ethanol specifically upregulates the ERβ subtype in the female kidney which may modulate renaI sensitivity to VP. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Master of Science (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Physiology; no. 4241 en_US
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.title Water sparing in chronic ethanol exposure is associated with elevated renal estrogen receptor beta and vasopressin V2 receptor mRNA in the female rat en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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Restricted for viewing only M.S.Q111.H3_4241 DEC 2007_r.pdf 927.0Kb PDF View/Open
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