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Title: An assessment of dietary intake in two American Indian tribes in Arizona 
Author: Cao, Xia
Date: 2006
Abstract: This thesis describes a study to assess the food and nutrient intake of two American Indian (AI) tribes. This initial dietary assessment led to the development of a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), which is being used to evaluate the impact of a store-based intervention, the Apache Healthy Stores (AHS) study. In this thesis, the detailed steps involved in developing the FFQ are described such as collection and analyses of 24-hour dietary recalls. collection and analyses of recipes, collection of portion size data, and determining the foods contributing to nutrient intake. These data are of paramount importance as they guide the AHS intervention. This thesis does not include the validation of the FFQ or any analysis of the data from the FFQs as this work is currently underway. Nor does this thesis include any of the intervention results as this phase is not yet completed. Chapter I describes the background of AI and the Apache including how their treatment throughout history has impacted their lifestyle, health status and dietary habits. Chapter II describes the objectives of the thesis and methods used in this study to collect 24-hour dietary recall, recipe and portion size data. Analyses of the recipe data and food intake data is described in detail. The methodology for developing a culturaI1y appropriate FFQ is given. Chapter ill demonstrates the results from the analysis of 24-hour dietary recalls. Portion sizes, frequency of consumption, food group intake, energy and nutrient intake of the Apache are presented in this chapter as well as the food contributions to macronutrients and micronutrients for the two Apache tribes. Nutritional composition of the fifteen traditional Apache foods is also presented. Chapter IV presents a discussion of dietary intake, food contributions, nutritional composition of the traditional Apache foods, and the development of the FFQ. Limitations and strengths of the study as well as implications and application are discussed. This chapter provides future work plans and conclusions.
Description: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2006. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 105-118). xiv, 118 leaves, bound ill. (some col.) 29 cm
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/20771
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Keywords: Apache Indians -- Food -- Arizona

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