Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/20746

The effects of human serum albumin mutations on physiologically important fatty acid transport

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Item Summary

Title: The effects of human serum albumin mutations on physiologically important fatty acid transport
Authors: Tuei, Vivian C.
Keywords: Serum albumin
Fatty acid-binding proteins
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Human Serum Albumin (HSA) is the most abundant plasma protein that transports a variety of drugs and endogenous compounds. HSA is the primary transporter for delivering free fatty acid (FFA) to tissues and possesses at least eleven binding sites for this ligand. Although most FFAs are bound to albumin, a small fraction dissociates from the protein and exists in monomeric form within the aqueous phase, referred to as the unbound free fatty acid (uFFA). The interaction of FFA and HSA serves to buffer the level of FFA in serum and therefore regulates the rate at which FFA is transported to appropriate target cells. Since a close relationship of elevated FFA levels to the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) have been shown, the HSA/FFA interactions might therefore indicate HSA's role in the pathogenesis of diabetes by modulating fatty acid availability. Most hydrophobic ligands that bind to HSA such as FFAs bind to one or two distinct high affinity binding pockets or sites in subdomains IIA and IIIA of HSA. In this study, site-directed mutagenesis and a novel protein expression system called Pichia pastoris system were used to synthesize recombinant HSA proteins with specific mutations on key amino acid residues that are involved in FFA binding on these domains. Binding affinities of recombinant HSA and mutant proteins for long chain FAs (palmitate and oleate) were determined by using a fluorescent probe composed of Acrylodan-Derivatized Intestinal Fatty Acid Binding protein (ADIFAB) FFA quantification method. The modified FFA binding affinity induced by mutations in FA binding sites of HSA may provide the rationale background for further studies associated with cellular HSAIFF A interactions and HSA polymorphism.
Description: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2007.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 46-54).
x, 54 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/20746
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections:M.S. - Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering



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