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A descriptive study of physical activity and body mass index in Palauan adolescents

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Item Summary

Title: A descriptive study of physical activity and body mass index in Palauan adolescents
Authors: Calvo, Stephanie Ngirchoimei
Keywords: Teenagers -- Health and hygiene -- Palau
Palauans -- Health and hygiene
Body mass index -- Palau
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: Background: The purpose of the study was to examine physical activity and body mass index in Palauan adolescents using pedometers and BMI measurements. Methods: A total of 131 (63 females, 68 males; ages 10-14) middle school aged children from two accredited private schools participated in the study. The ethnicity group sample was 112 Palauans (85.5%), 11 Filipinos (8.4%), 7 Asians (5.3%) and 1 other (.8%). Participant's steps/day (eight days of monitoring) and height and weight measurements were obtained to determine Body Mass Index. Results: Boys (10800 ± 3167) accumulated approximately 2,800 (14%) more steps/day than girls (8000 ± 2967) (p<.01). No significant differences were found for the grade main effect and sex by grade interaction. There were no significant differences found in BMI between sexes, grades, and sex by grade interaction. Although there were no significant sex differences in BMI, approximately 29% of the boys were classified as overweight compared to 22% of the girls. It is evident that overweight disparities exist between Palauan boys and girls. Girls in the lean/healthy group acquired approximately 940 more steps/day (13%) than girls in the at-risk/overweight group. However, boys in the lean/healthy group accumulated 1400 steps/day (11 %) lesser than boys in the at-risk group. Conclusions: Palauan adolescents mean steps/day was 1900 (17%) lower when compared to national youth. We found a large disparity in overweight between boys and girls. In this study, 26% of the participants were overweight, which was 42% higher than the national average (15%).
Description: Thesis (M.S.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2006.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 14-15).
vi, 15 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections:M.S. - Kinesiology and Leisure Science

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