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dc.contributor.author Juvik, James O en_US
dc.contributor.author Ekern, Paul C en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-07-17T22:53:12Z en_US
dc.date.available 2008-07-17T22:53:12Z en_US
dc.date.issued 1978-06 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Juvik JO, Ekern PC. 1978. A climatology of mountain fog on Mauna Loa, Hawai’i Island. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC technical report, 118. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2006 en_US
dc.description.abstract This study of the mountain cloud and fog regimes on the windward and leeward slopes of Mauna Loa, Hawai'i Island (1) develops a standardized louvered-screen, fog-catchment gage; (2) develops an indirect approximation method for estimating average droplet sizes during precipitation episodes and for separating the rainfall and fog components; (3) establishes an extensive fog sampling network on the windward and leeward slopes of Mauna Loa; and (4) develops an original computer program for detailed temporal and spatial analyses of rainfall, fog, and wind parameters. An analysis of data for the 1974 to 1976 period yielded the following conclusions: (1) a well-defined fog belt exists on windward Mauna Loa in the altitudinal zone between 1 500 to 2 500 m with fog-catchment amounts as great as one-half the rainfall, or about 750 mm; (2) mountain fog on leeward Mauna Loa increases with elevation up to at least 2 000 m, with fog amounts equivalent to one-fourth the rainfall, or about 250 mm; (3) seasonal and altitudinal patterns in fog frequency and catchment amounts are related to the dynamic interaction of the tradewind field (particularly the tradewind inversion) and the local land/sea breeze regime; (4) mountain fog. appears to be a significant factor in the water balance of mountain ecosystems on Mauna Loa; and (5) the potential for large-scale mechanical recovery of fog water may exist for selected locations on Mauna Loa. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Office of Water Research and Technology, U.S. Dept. of the Interior Grant/Contract No. A-041-HI en_US
dc.format.extent X + 70 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WRRC Technical Report en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 118 en_US
dc.subject orographic clouds en_US
dc.subject fog precipitation en_US
dc.subject water balance en_US
dc.subject mountain ecosystem en_US
dc.subject Hawaii en_US
dc.subject fog regime en_US
dc.subject louvered fog gage en_US
dc.subject fog gage network en_US
dc.subject Mauna Loa en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mauna Loa (Hawaii Island, Hawaii) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mountain fog -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island -- Measurement. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Orographic clouds -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Precipitation gauges -- Design and construction. en_US
dc.title WRRCTR No.118 A Climatology of Mountain Fog on Mauna Loa, Hawai’i Island en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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