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Title: ‘This Tobacco Has Always Been Here for Us,’ American Indian Views of Smoking: Risk and Protective Factors 
Author: Momper, S.L.; Dennis, M.K.; Reed, B.G.
Date: 2010-12
Publisher: Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Momper, S. L. (2010). ‘This Tobacco Has Always Been Here for Us,’ American Indian Views of Smoking: Risk and Protective Factor. Journal of Indigenous Voices in Social Work, 1(12.
Abstract: We utilized eight talking circles to elicit American Indian views of smoking on a U.S. reservation. We report on (1) the historical context of tobacco use among Ojibwe Indians; (2) risk factors that facilitate use: peer/parental smoking, acceptability/availability of cigarettes; (3) cessation efforts/ inhibiting factors for cessation: smoking while pregnant, smoking to reduce stress , beliefs that cessation leads to debilitating withdrawals; and (4) protective factors that inhibit smoking initiation/use: negative health effects of smoking, parental and familial smoking behaviors, encouragement from youth to quit smoking, positive health benefits, “cold turkey” quitting, prohibition of smoking in tribal buildings/homes. Smoking is prevalent, but protective behaviors are evident and can assist in designing culturally sensitive prevention, intervention and cessation programs.
Pages/Duration: 18 pages
ISSN: 2151-349X
Keywords: American Indians, Native Americans, Indigenous, tobacco, smoking, community based research
LC Subject Headings: Indigenous peoples--Periodicals.
Social work with indigenous peoples--Periodicals.

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