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Title: The Costs of Tsunami False Alarms in Hawaii 
Author: Cox, Doak C.
Date: 1977-01
Publisher: Environmental Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Cox DC. 1977. The costs of tsunami false alarms in Hawaii. Honolulu (HI): Environmental Center, University of Hawaii.
Abstract: Rough estimates of the costs of false tsunami warnings in Hawaii are presented in this paper as indicators of the benefits that may be anticipated from further tsunami research. The assistance of the Hawaii State Civil Defense Division in preparing the section on “The economic impact of [a single] false tsunami warning” and in reviewing a draft of the section on "Potential improvements in public response" is gratefully acknowledged. At best, the cost estimates are very rough. For reasons expressed at various points, I believe they are quite conservative—that is they are underestimates. The results of the analysis, it seems to me, have a clear value in indicating that a substantial level of tsunami research, conducted by such means and locations that it may be expected to result in reducing tsunami false alarms, is clearly justified. The paper may have some additional value as an elementary contribution to the realistic evaluation of tsunami hazard management.
Pages/Duration: 13, [14] p.
LC Subject Headings: Natural disasters -- Risk assessment.
Hazard mitigation -- United States -- Hawaii.
Tsunamis -- United States -- Safety measures.

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