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dc.contributor.author Kennedy, Jean en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-08-04T19:56:32Z en_US
dc.date.available 2010-08-04T19:56:32Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Kennedy, J. 2008. Pacific Bananas: Complex Origins, Multiple Dispersals? Asian Perspectives 47 (1): 75-94. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1535-8283 (E-ISSN) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0066-8435 (Print) en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/17281 en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper reviews recent genetic evidence for the origins of the traditional cultivated bananas of the Pacific, and shows that they are unexpectedly complex. Current assumption of their prevailing west-to-east spread from Southeast Asia into the Pacific thus needs modification. Although bananas are widely assumed to have been part of the set of crops transported to Polynesia at first settlement, the linguistic evidence on which this is based underestimates the diversity of bananas in the New Guinea region and is suspect. Archaeological evidence of bananas is so far very tenuous. Recent genetic evidence of the parentage of most groups of cultivated bananas shows that the primary step toward edibility occurred in the Philippines New Guinea region. Early movements westward across Island Southeast Asia must have occurred, and the complexity of hybrids makes regionally dispersed development likely. There is no demonstrable link with Taiwan or the adjacent coast of China. There is no evidence that the genetically distinct lineages of bananas found in Polynesia were brought together in the putatively ancestral Lapita crop assemblage of the northern New Guinea region. The complex phylogeny of the cultivated Pacific bananas may thus suggest multiple prehistoric introductions of bananas to Polynesia. If bananas were part of the founding set of crops of Remote Oceania, the question "which bananas?" is currently unanswered. KEYWORDS: Indo-Pacific migration and colonization; banana domestication, taxonomy, and genetics; Pacific plantains, Fe'i bananas, New Guinea archaeobotany, banana phytoliths. en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu) en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 47 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Number 1 en_US
dc.subject Indo-Pacific migration and colonization en_US
dc.subject banana domestication en_US
dc.subject taxonomy en_US
dc.subject genetics en_US
dc.subject Pacific plantains en_US
dc.subject Fe'i bananas en_US
dc.subject New Guinea archaeobotany en_US
dc.subject banana phytoliths en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Asia--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Oceania--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oceania--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh East Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Pacific Bananas: Complex Origins, Multiple Dispersals? en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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