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Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe

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Title: Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe
Authors: Honeychurch, William
Amartuvshin, Chunag
Keywords: pastoralism
nomadism
Mongolia
Eurasia
political economy
show 2 moresocial complexity
urbanism

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LC Subject Headings: Prehistoric peoples--Asia--Periodicals.
Prehistoric peoples--Oceania--Periodicals.
Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
Oceania--Antiquities--Periodicals.
East Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu)
Citation: Honeychurch, W., and C. Amartuvshin. 2007. Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe. Asian Perspectives 46 (1): 36-64.
Series/Report no.: Volume 46
Number 1
Abstract: Archaeological studies of pastoral nomadic societies have been invigorated by recent collaborative research projects across the Eurasian steppe zone. This research contributes an important comparative perspective on processes of complex sociopolitical organization practiced among mobile groups. This essay employs a novel approach to understanding the organizational techniques and methods of finance that supported large-scale imperial polities of eastern Eurasia, specifically those centered on the Mongolian steppe. Using full-coverage survey data from the northern Mongolian valley of Egiin Gol, we present the results of diachronic spatial and environmental analyses in order to evaluate current models for nomadic political economy. We argue that eastern Eurasian subsistence economics are best understood not as a single "type" of production but as a productive process based on multiresource capacities (agro-pastoral, hunting, gathering, fishing) and the flexibility to readily adjust resource emphasis, degree of mobility, and specialization relative to a changeable environment. We offer a revised model for eastern steppe political integration emphasizing the spatial management of political relationships within a mobile setting. Our essay concludes with a brief overview of the potential for Eurasian steppe archaeology to contribute novel comparative insights for anthropologists studying the diversities and commonalities of complex social organization. KEYWORDS: pastoralism, nomadism, Mongolia, Eurasia, political economy, social complexity, urbanism.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/17258
ISSN: 1535-8283 (E-ISSN)
0066-8435 (Print)
Appears in Collections:Asian Perspectives, 2007 - Volume 46, Number 1 (Spring)



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