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Title: Hawaiian Phoronida (Lophophorata) and Their Distribution in the Pacific Region 
Author: Bailey-Brock, Julie H.; Emig, Christian C.
Date: 2000-04
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Bailey-Brock JH, Emig CC. 2000. Hawaiian phoronida (Lophophorata) and their distribution in the Pacific region. Pac Sci 54(2): 119-126.
Abstract: Five Phoronis species are found in Hawaiian waters. Three were
recorded previously, and two others, P. muelleri and P. pallida, are added here.
Phoronis ovalis (the smallest) and P. hippocrepia are perforant species forming
burrows in coral rock, shells, and barnacle encrustations, and P. psammophila,
P. muelleri, and P. pallida are sand-dwellers. Species diagnosis in phoronids requires
sectioning to estimate muscle formulas and arrangement of other internal
organs. Included are a key to Hawaiian species based on visible external
features (so not entirely accurate), description of each, and distribution in
Hawaiian waters and the Pacific Ocean.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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