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Title: "In Behalf of the Science of the Country": The Smithsonian and the U.S. Navy in the North Pacific in the 1850s 
Author: Rothenberg, Marc
Date: 1998-10
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Rothenberg M. 1998. "In behalf of the science of the country": the Smithsonian and the U.S. Navy in the North Pacific in the 1850s. Pac Sci 52(4): 301-307.
Abstract: During the early l850s, the United States launched two major
expeditions to the Pacific, as well as a series of surveys of the American West.
Although the U.S. Army had developed a strong symbiotic relationship with
the civilian scientific community, the U.S. Navy was still attempting to define
its role in American science. This paper compares and contrasts the role of
science, especially civilian science, in the U.S. Naval Expedition to Japan and
the U.S. Naval Expedition to the North Pacific in the context of American
military-civilian scientific cooperation during that period. Special attention is
paid to the role of the Smithsonian Institution, the leading civilian scientific
institution in the United States, in the two naval expeditions.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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