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Title: Nonindigenous Ants at High Elevations on Mauna Kea, Hawai'i 
Author: Wetterer, James K.; Banko, Paul C.; Laniawe, Leona P.; Slotterback, John W.; Brenner, Greg J.
Date: 1998-07
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Wetterer JK, Banko PC, Laniawe LP, Slotterback JW, Brenner GJ. 1998. Nonindigenous ants at high elevations on Mauna Kea, Hawai'i. Pac Sci 52(3): 228-236.
Abstract: Ant surveys were conducted at high elevations (1680-3140 m) on
the western slope of Mauna Kea Volcano on the island of Hawai'i to determine
the extent of ant infestation in those highland communities and particularly
to evaluate the potential threat of ants in the highlands to native Hawaiian
species. Ants were surveyed at 10 long-term sampling sites. Ants were common
on Mauna Kea up to 2000 m elevation, but densities quickly dropped off above
that. Five species of ants were collected: Linepithema humile (Mayr), Cardiocondyla
venustula Wheeler, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius), Tetramorium
bicarinatum (Nylander), and Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus). Other than L.
humile, these collections on Mauna Kea are the highest recorded locales in the
Hawaiian Islands.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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