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Title: Protected States: The Political Status of the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands 
Author: Michal, Edward J
Date: 1993
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Center for Pacific Islands Studies
Citation: Michal, E. J. 1993. Protected States: The Political Status of the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The Contemporary Pacific 5 (2): 303-32.
Abstract: International recognition of the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic
of the Marshall Islands as sovereign entities accelerated following the UN Security
Council termination of the US-administered UN trusteeship over them in
December 1990. However, both states had already established substantial international
personalities prior to the Security Council action. The governments of
the United States and both nations declared the trusteeship "non-applicable" to
both in 1986, concurrently with the entry into effect of the Compact of Free Association.
The two nations subsequently established diplomatic ties with such
diverse countries as Israel, the People's Republic of China, Australia, and numerous
South Pacific neighbors, and joined a variety of international organizations,
all prior to the termination. The declarations of nonapplicability were a diplomatic
success, not a failure. The two entities gained loci of sovereignty when their
constitutions went into effect in 1979. The newly established constitutional governments
exercised their sovereignty in concluding the compact with the United
States. By delegating the power of defense to the United States under the compact,
the two nations became modern-day "protected states," that is, states that
have voluntarily ceded part of their sovereign powers to another nation. As protected
states, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall
Islands can be considered not only sovereign but independent, despite the seeming
limitations of the compact and its subsidiary agreements.
ISSN: 1043-898X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/12923
LC Subject Headings: Oceania -- Periodicals.

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