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Title: Comparing Crown Growth and Phenology of Juvenile, Early Mature, and Late Mature Metrosideros polymorpha Trees
Authors: Gerrish, Grant
Issue Date: Jul-1989
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Gerrish G. 1989. Comparing crown growth and phenology of juvenile, early mature, and late mature Metrosideros polymorpha trees. Pac Sci 43(3): 211-222.
Abstract: A large sample of terminal (apical) twigs was marked in a l-yr
study of crown growth of juvenile, early mature, and late mature Metrosideros
polymorpha Gaud. (Myrtaceae) trees. Populations of terminal twigs in upper
crowns of juvenile, early, and late mature trees increased by 10%,33%, and 5%,
respectively. Vegetative flushing occurred at all times of the year. Length of
dormancy before bud-break was variable and not synchronized among twigs.
Mature trees showed temporal peaks in flowering that were not the same for
early and late mature trees. The greatest differences in crown growth processes
among the three life states were associated with intensity of flowering and spatial
organization of the region of high vegetative growth. Juvenile trees showed
apical control with strong flushing in the upper branches, but a low rate of
flushing and a high rate of twig death in the lower crown. They did not flower.
Sampled branches of the two mature life states were divided into those that
showed an increase in the number of terminal twigs (high growth) and those that
did not (low growth). No spatial separation of the two groups was evident.
Branches with low growth had higher rates of flowering, and rate of flowering was
higher in late mature than in early mature trees. Rates of vegetative flushing were
higher in trees in mature life states than in juvenile trees, indicating no reduction
of meristematic activity with aging. In late mature trees, many of the twigs
formed early in the sample year flushed a second time, producing inflorescences.
Thus, the net increase in the number of twigs in their crowns was very small.
ISSN: 0030-8870
Appears in Collections:Pacific Science Volume 43, Number 3, 1989

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