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Title: Distributions and Habitat Associations of Birds in Waikiki, Hawaii 
Author: Williams, Richard N.; Fleischer, Robert C.
Date: 1989-04
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Williams RN, Fleischer RC. 1989. Distributions and habitat associations of birds in Waikiki, Hawaii. Pac Sci 43(2): 152-160.
Abstract: We conducted 57 transects along three routes in Waikiki from
August through December 1986. Rock Doves, Zebra Doves, and House
Sparrows, all alien species, accounted for approximately 80% of all birds observed.
All three species were most common near the Honolulu Zoo and Fort
DeRussy Beach Park. Distributions of all three species were significantly correlated
with decreasing distance from the Honolulu Zoo, increasing human
densities, and parklike habitats. Effects of distance, human density, and habitat
characteristics were separated using multiple regression analysis. Rock Dove
distributions were primarily affected by distance from the Honolulu Zoo, a
major feeding and roosting site for Rock Doves. House Sparrow distributions
were primarily affected by human densities, and secondarily by habitat
characteristics. Zebra Dove distributions were primarily related to habitat
ISSN: 0030-8870

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