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Title: The Rust Fungi (Uredinales) of Hawaii 
Author: Gardner, Donald E.; Hodges, Charles S Jr.
Date: 1989-01
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Gardner DE, Hodges CS Jr. 1989. The rust fungi (Uredinales) of Hawaii. Pac Sci 43(1): 41-55.
Abstract: The fungi of Hawaii were documented by F. L. Stevens and other
workers early in the 1900s. Since about 1925, however, little formal attention has
been given Hawaiian rust fungi. This is the first study devoted exclusively to
Hawaiian Uredinales as a group. During recent years we have contributed a
number of rust specimens to the Herbarium Pacificum, Bernice P. Bishop
Museum (BISH), which includes the most complete collection of Hawaiian fungi.
Our contributions, together with the earlier deposits, supplemented by the
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture,
reference collection at Honolulu International Airport (HONQ) and information
from the USDA National Fungus Collections (BPI), provided the basis for this
study. The fungus collection of the Department of Botany, University of Hawaii
at Manoa (HONO), was also examined. We recognize 74 species, 9 of which are
endemic , and an additional 13 occur on native host s. As with many rusts in
tropical areas , most species reported here are less than macrocyclic or are represented
only by uredinial and /or telial states and do not utilize alternate hosts.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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