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Title: Temperament in Chinese children: a comparison of gender and self/parental ratings 
Author: Chang, Chuan
Date: 2004
Abstract: The present study explores the temperamental characteristics of Chinese youth, ages nine to twelve, in Beijing, People's Republic of China (PRC), using the revised Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R, Ellis & Rothbart, 2001). An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the complete responses from 687 children and 428 mothers. The factorial structure based on Chinese children's self-reports included seven first-order and three second-order factors, differing from Ellis and Rothbart's structure (2001). Significant gender differences were found in both the children's and mothers' reports. An analysis of reports by mothers indicated an interaction between gender and only-child status affecting the temperamental dimension of shyness. Mothers acknowledged the importance of temperament in the formation of their respective children's personalities, but rated it less important than non-individualistic factors such as parental discipline and school education.
Description: Mode of access: World Wide Web. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2004. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 125-134). Electronic reproduction. Also available by subscription via World Wide Web x, 134 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.

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