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Item Description Austin, Ayda Aukahi en_US 2009-09-09T20:02:08Z en_US 2009-09-09T20:02:08Z en_US 2004 en_US
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2004. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 157-169). en_US
dc.description Also available by subscription via World Wide Web en_US
dc.description xi, 169 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm en_US
dc.description.abstract This study examined alcohol use, drug use, and violence experience among Native Hawaiians living in four communities using both qualitative and quantitative methods to understand the factors that predict these behaviors. The methods employed were designed to be culturally appropriate to the communities being surveyed in terms of the recruitment and engagement strategies employed, an equal representation of both problem behaviors and well being in the instruments that were used, and the use of Hawaiian thought in interpreting results. Qualitative data derived from focus group sessions in each community centered around themes such as community-specific strengths and weaknesses, typical substance use and violence patterns, and the role of Hawaiian identity and culture in definitions of health. Quantitative data on demographic characteristics, alcohol and substance use practices, and violence were collected from 405 Native Hawaiians living in four geographically and economically diverse communities including Hilo, Hawai'i, Papakolea, O'ahu, Waimanalo, O'ahu, and Phoenix, Arizona. The representativeness of the survey sample was examined using Census 2000 data for each of the areas sampled. In addition, a smaller subset of the sample participated in test-retest reliability and cross-informant reliability analyses. The instrument was found to be reliable across time and reporters. By community analyses suggested that the groups were overall more similar than different in their substance use and experience with violence. Hierarchical regression analyses using gender, religious practice, network density of use, age at first use, reasons for use, and negative thoughts about use predicted 19.5% of the variance in 30-day alcohol use and 25.2% of the variance in 30-day binge drinking. Seventeen percent of the variance in 30- day marijuana use was explained by age, income, network density of use, age at first use, and negative thoughts about use. Network density witnessing, perpetrating, and being a victim of violence explained between 15.8 and 57.8% of the variance in 30-day experience of these same behaviors. Although depression, hopelessness, and own-group ethnic identity were tested, they were not significant predictors of substance use or violence experience. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Psychology; no. 4464 en_US
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.subject Hawaiians -- Alcohol use en_US
dc.subject Hawaiians -- Drug use en_US
dc.subject Violence -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Risk-taking (Psychology) -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Oceanic Ancestry Group -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Substance-Related Disorders -- prevention & control -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Harm Reduction -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors -- Hawaii en_US
dc.subject Violence -- prevention & control -- Hawaii en_US
dc.title Native Hawaiian risky behavior : the role of individual, social, and cultural factors in predicting substance use and violence en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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