ScholarSpace will be brought offline for upgrades on Wednesday December 9th at 11AM HST. Service will be disrupted for approximately 2 hours. Please direct any questions to

Item Description

Show full item record

Title: Chronic community violence and adolescent peer group activity settings in Rio de Janeiro and Baltimore : a cross cultural comparison 
Author: Acosta, Joie D.
Date: 2004
Abstract: Chronic community violence is common in urban areas and areas of conflict around the world. Children and adolescents in these areas experience similar traumatic events, however past research has only addressed the impact on family and individual youth. This dissertation explores the impact chronic community violence has on the adolescent peer group. Youth perceptions in Baltimore and Rio de Janeiro were studied to explore differences in peer attachment, peer influence, peer group activities, opportunities for pro-social community involvement, neighborhood resources and perceptions of neighborhood danger. Baltimore and Rio de Janeiro were chosen because they are similar in rates of chronic community violence and dissimilar in the composition of racial and ethnic groups. The results showed significant differences between geographical locations in perceptions of community danger. The findings also indicated that adolescents spend more time inside their own house than with their friends. Time with friends and consequently peer group influence are related to feelings of community danger. Prevention and intervention efforts need to assess perceptions of danger because crime statistics are not revealing enough. These results provide valuable insight to make the practical application of international prevention and intervention efforts more effective. Implications for service providers and policy are discussed.
Description: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2004. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 144-158). Also available by subscription via World Wide Web xii, 158 leaves, bound ill. (one col.) 29 cm
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Keywords: Youth and violence -- Cross-cultural studies, Youth and violence -- Maryland -- Baltimore, Youth and violence -- Brazil -- Rio de Janeiro

Item File(s)

Description Files Size Format View
Restricted for viewing only uhm_phd_4422_r.pdf 4.794Mb PDF View/Open
For UH users only uhm_phd_4422_uh.pdf 4.793Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Advanced Search


My Account