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Title: Interpersonal distance in the primary family as a measure of school success after re-parenting of disadvantaged students 
Author: Bates, Edward Charles
Date: 1974
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze interpersonal distance in the primary family as perceived by separate samples of community college disadvantaged youth who were tested before and after the treatment of re-parenting and both samples were compared with the norm. Re-parenting is a process of socialization which provides a series of activities in which the individual may explore expectations, role play and try new behavior, and learn to function in a new society without becoming alienated from his past. Essentially, the disadvantaged youth assimilates a new culture--the ideal middle-class culture--the vehicle of higher education. Subjects for the study were community college students recruited in a community outreach program for entrance into higher education. 5s were not qualified to enter college, or had not graduated from high school, and had a record of failure. They were divided into four groups of 18 students per group. The control group had been recruited but had not been exposed to the treatment of re-parenting. The other three groups consisted of students who had been in the program for one, two, and three or more semesters, respectively. The Family Bond Inventory (FBI) was used as the testing instrument in a separate sample pretest-posttest design. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance, one- and two-tailed t tests, chi-square analyses, and Fisher's Exact Test. Analysis of variance revealed differences between groups (p <.01) and between relationships (p<.001) but no interaction between groups and relationships. Differences between means of the control group and means of the three semester or more group were significantly smaller for son- daughter and total distance (p<.05) and for mother-son, mother-daughter, and father-daughter distances (p <.01). A standardized score was established by using a ratio of the mother-self distance divided by the father-self distance (M/F). This ratio score proved to be between .81 and .98 for all groups. Norming across six subcultures in the state of Hawaii, by sex, by age group, and by perceived social status produced no significant differences in the way the primary family was perceived. In interpersonal distance, the control group revealed no difference from the norm. The three semester or more group revealed a significantly smaller difference from the norm on the first three variables (p<.05) father-mother, father-son, father-daughter, and on the second three variables (p<.01) mother-son, mother-daughter, son-daughter. Pattern analysis and circle placement analysis for the control group indicated that this group differed significantly from the norm only in placement of father (p <.05). One may conclude that interpersonal distances may be smaller after re-parenting although comparisons were made on separate samples. Emotional status of the disadvantaged youth as measured by the M/P ratio did not vary from the norm. Disadvantaged youth did not differ from the norms in interpersonal distance of the primary family. Pattern and circle placements of the control group showed father placed too high suggesting an inability on the part of disadvantaged youth to handle authority.
Description: Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1974. Bibliography: leaves [153]-163. xi, 163 leaves ill
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/11564
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Keywords: People with social disabilities -- Education (Higher) -- Hawaii, Social distance, Families -- Hawaii

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