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A comparison of moth diversity at Kilauea (1911–1912) and Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve (1998–2000), Island of Hawaii

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Title: A comparison of moth diversity at Kilauea (1911–1912) and Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve (1998–2000), Island of Hawaii
Authors: Giffon, Jon D.
Keywords: forests
Hawaii
Hawaii (island)
indigenous species
insect surveys
show 10 moreinsect taxonomy
Lepidoptera
Mauna Loa
moths
new geographic records
new species
species diversity
Stainback
Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve
Kilauea

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Issue Date: Dec 2007
Publisher: Hawaiian Entomological Society
Citation: Giffon JD. 2007. A comparison of moth diversity at Kilauea (1911–1912) and Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve (1998–2000), Island of Hawaii. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 39:15-26.
Abstract: A group of entomologists inventoried and recorded moths at Kilauea on the
Island of Hawaii almost a century ago. I conducted similar surveys 86 years later in
the nearby Upper Waiakea Forest Reserve (UWFR). Results of these surveys provide
a rare opportunity to compare and contrast changes in Lepidoptera relative abundance
and species diversity over long periods of time. The Kilauea and UWFR survey sites
share a similar climatic regime, forest community, and elevation, but are 15 km apart.
Ninety-three species of endemic moths were recorded at Kilauea during the 1911–1912
survey: more than 94 species were collected at UWFR from 1998–2000. I compared
the number and species of moths collected at both locations, except for those in the
genera Hyposmocoma and Eudonia. At least 20 Kilauea species were not found at
UWFR, more than 42 UWFR species were absent from the Kilauea site. The UWFR
survey also produced a number of new island records and several species new to science.
Many moth species that were rare in 1911–12 were rare in 1998–2000, but most were
still collected. The number of non-native moth species doubled since the 1911–1912
survey. UWFR survey results indicate that the native moth fauna on windward Mauna
Loa is still relatively intact and that many new species await discovery.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/1143
ISSN: 0073-134X
Appears in Collections:Volume 39 - December 2007 : Hawaiian Entomological Society



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