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Title: Developing Diabetes Education Materials For Young Adults: Using Focus Groups To Determine The Effectiveness Of Public Service Announcements (Psa) For Diabetes Education In Solomon Islands 
Author: Tutuo-Wate, Jillian Joy
Date: 2005-08
Abstract: PURPOSE: This study aims to identify and develop appropriate diabetes education materials and interventions for young adults in Solomon Islands. It also help III determining the effectiveness of diabetes messages and the appropriate mode(s) of delivering Public Service Announcements (PSA) in health education as well as assessing students' knowledge about chronic diseases, in particular, diabetes. METHODS: Forty students from 5 educational Institutions- one boarding and four day schools- in Honiara, the Solomon Islands' capital, were recruited to participate in focus group discussion sessions. Focus group sessions were held in pidgin (pijin) and audiotaped. The sessions were conducted by the Principal Investigator (PI) (who was also the moderator) and a dietitian as co-moderator. The co-moderator and participants confirmed the priority issues at the end of each session. The content of the transcripts was analyzed using the computer Excel spreadsheet, and chi-square and Fisher Exact Test for statistical differences in responses between schools and genders. RESULT: Participants showed that there is a marked improvement in their knowledge about diabetes and indicated inclination to change and live a healthful lifestyle. Participants acknowledged the effectiveness of radio PSA as an effective medium for diabetes education. Participants recommended that other than radio PSA, diabetes PSA should be extended and included with other health topics and integrated into school curriculum. Participants also recommended other media be used for diabetes education, including the use of audiovisual, especially videotapes and television, the print medium, and health workers. CONCLUSION: A program based on the above recommendations would be effective in educating young adults about diabetes in Solomon Islands.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/10530
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.

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