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Title: Characteristics of Water Quality in Anchialine Ponds of Kona, Hawaii Coast 
Author: Brock, Richard E.; Norris, James E.; Ziemann, David A.; Lee, Michael T.
Date: 1987
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Brock RE, Norris JE, Ziemann DA, Lee MT. 1987. Characteristics of water quality in Anchialine ponds of Kona, Hawaii coast. Pac Sci 41: 200-208.
Abstract: A study of the water quality characteristics of anchialine ponds
of the Kona, Hawaii, coast suggests that groundwater is a major source of
dissolved nutrients for these systems. These groundwater sources apparently
show high spatial and temporal variability with respect to dissolved nutrients.
Changes are apparent in the water quality characteristics of one anchialine pond
system that has been subjected to considerable surrounding development. These
changes are within the range of natural variability suggesting that this perturbation,
at least over the short term (ca. 9 years), is not damaging since these
nutrients frequently occur naturally in excess of concentrations which would
control biological processes. Within an anchialine pond system that we have
studied, spatial variability in water quality may be explained by a simple model
of groundwater dilution with proximity to the sea.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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