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Villager uses of mangroves at Dodinga Bay, Western Halmahera, Indonesia
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|Title:||Villager uses of mangroves at Dodinga Bay, Western Halmahera, Indonesia|
|Authors:||Harahap, Zulhan Arifin|
|Issue Date:||May 2011|
|Publisher:||[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2011]|
|Abstract:||Even though there are not any explicit discussions and comprehensive reviews on existing traditional systems of mangrove management, many scholarly works (such as Mantjoro, 1996; McLeod et al., 2009; Zerner, 1994; and Johannes, 1978) provide strong implications that most small islands communities in Eastern Indonesia, and Pacific Islands as well, have developed a subsistence way of living founded on conservative management practices. Modes of harvesting of their surrounding coastal resources, including mangroves, were characterized by multiple subsistence uses that were non-destructive of the ecosystem and hence reflect a relatively sustainable use of those resources. However, introduced modernizations, which include a drastic change in the form of village governance and the development of a money economy, have gradually shifted those village subsistence uses practices to a more extractive mode of resource harvesting (Harvey, 2006 and Johannes, 1978). This thesis will provide some preliminary explanations on how modernization or economic development has influenced villager mangrove use in particular.|
This research was designed to investigate how the modern development program has affected the local villager use practices of mangroves at Dodinga Bay in Western Halmahera District of North Maluku Province, Indonesia. Two sample villages were chosen to represent different exposures of development programs on the bay: the first village, Toniku, represented a settlement having relatively less interactions with the wider world and exposed to development programs. The second one, Sidangoli Dehe, represented a village having higher level of interactions and exposures.
Specific research objectives and hypotheses are as follows: Research questions: 1) Are there any differences of mangroves use practices between the two sample villages?
2) How does modern development affect the current mangrove uses by local villagers at Dodinga Bay?
3) What are the effects of those changes in villagers' uses on current mangroves structure at the bay?
Hypothesis: H1: The two sample villages have different mangrove use practices which is to be tested using the null hypothesis: Ho: The two sample villages have no differences in mangrove use practices.
At the end, the purpose of this thesis research is to investigate and to explain how the effects of economic development (or modernizations) have changed villagers' practices in mangroves utilization and in turn also change conditions of mangroves of the bay.
|Description:||M.A. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2011.|
Includes bibliographical references.
|Appears in Collections:||M.A. - Geography|
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