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A brief non-dieting intervention increases intuitive eating and reduces dieting intention, body image dissatisfaction, and anti-fat attitudes : a randomized controlled trial
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|Title:||A brief non-dieting intervention increases intuitive eating and reduces dieting intention, body image dissatisfaction, and anti-fat attitudes : a randomized controlled trial|
|Authors:||Wilson, Rebecca Ellen|
|Issue Date:||Aug 2014|
|Publisher:||[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2014]|
|Abstract:||Objective: Young adults report high levels of body image dissatisfaction and dieting, and are vulnerable to both weight gain and disordered eating. Non-dieting approaches have demonstrated psychological and physiological benefits in women who are overweight or obese. This study developed and examined a brief dissonance-based non-dieting intervention designed to help college women reject unhealthy dieting behaviors, accept their bodies, and increase healthy eating.|
Method: Participants included 94 University of Hawaiʻi students, randomly assigned either to the non-dieting intervention condition or a brochure control condition. The intervention consisted of two 90-120 min interactive group sessions designed to engender the rejection of dieting, increase body acceptance, and develop healthy eating skills. Assessment measures were collected at baseline, post-treatment, and one month follow-up.
Results: The intervention produced significant improvements in the intervention group compared to the control group on measures of dieting intention, intuitive eating, body image dissatisfaction, eating concerns, anti-fat attitudes, and knowledge about the effects of dieting and healthy eating. These effects were sustained at follow-up. There were also overall improvements over time in dietary intake and mental health-related quality of life that were not specific to condition. There were no significant effects on BMI. Feedback questions gathered at follow-up showed that participants in the intervention condition reported significantly more incorporation of what they learned from the study into their lives, and greater perceived effects on motivation and self-efficacy regarding eating healthfully and rejecting the dieting mentality.
Discussion: This study extends the research on non-dieting approaches by using a brief, dissonance-based structure, and applying the intervention to a young adult sample that included participants of normal weight. The findings here indicate that a non-dieting approach can be well-received by this population and result in improvements in eating and weight-related behaviors. Study limitations such as differential attrition by condition and reliance on self-report measures are discussed. Longer follow-up is needed to assess whether the intervention effects are sustained over time and whether additional benefits might emerge such as lowered incidence of eating disorders and greater weight stability.
|Description:||Ph.D. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2014.|
Includes bibliographical references.
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|Appears in Collections:||Ph.D. - Psychology|
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