Dissertations & Theses
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/561
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:17:18 GMT2014-04-24T00:17:18ZAn amino acid analysis of the flower of the Vanda orchid Miss Joaquim
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/32447
Fri, 01 Jan 1954 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/324471954-01-01T00:00:00ZMiwa, Thomas KanjiApmam Tiemp Ti Uli'e Hit (Long Time No See): Chamorro Diaspora and the Transpacific Home
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/30793
This thesis explores Chamorro migration and settlement within new diasporic spaces like San Diego, California. It shows how Chamorros living away from their home islands still find ways to stay connected to their cultural roots through their transpacific homes and identities. The movement of Chamorros to the United States changes how Chamorros choose to articulate their indigeneity. This thesis examines the challenges and nuances of living in the transpacific diaspora through the examination of Chamorro organizations, clothing brands, and festivals. Today there are more Chamorros living away from their home islands than on them. This project shows that Pacific Islanders abroad continue to keep strong links to their home islands despite their physical location.
Pacific Islands Studies
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/307932013-01-01T00:00:00ZBennett, Jesi LujanStolen Identity: Defining 'Aihue From A Hawaiian Perspective
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/30792
Pacific Islands Studies
Wed, 01 Jan 2003 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/307922003-01-01T00:00:00ZAntonio, Susan KapulaniIntegrating Biosystems to foster Sustainable Aquaculture: Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae as Feed in Aquaponic Systems
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/29693
Chapter 1 of this report examines the current state of aquaculture and identifies two major environmental concerns associated with it, namely nutrient pollution by effluent and use of fishmeal-based feed. Together, these concerns cast doubts on the sustainability of aquaculture with current techniques. The studies outlined herein address these issues through 1) aquaponic filtration of the aquaculture effluents and 2) the use of the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens, as an alternative to fishmeal in aquaculture feedstuffs. The introductory chapter examines the current state of aquaculture and makes the case that aquaponics is a viable option to manage aquaculture effluent in recirculating systems. Furthermore, Black Soldier Flies offer a locally sourced feed that is more sustainable, both economically and environmentally, than fish-meal based fish feed. Chapter 2 provides a detailed discussion of the logistics of aquaponics and Black Soldier Fly culture used in these studies. Separated as two stand-alone documents, Chapter 2 is developed as: i) Considerations of Aquaponics and ii) Techniques for Black Soldier Fly Culture with the intention of publication of each through the Agricultural Extension purview of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources of the University of Hawai’i Mānoa. These documents were written as a combination of literature review and case analysis of different systems built in support of these studies, and are intended for an audience of farmers, aquaculturalists, homeowners, researchers, investors, and others that are interested in sustainable aquaculture. Once the reader is convinced of both the importance and feasibility of both aquaponics and Black Soldier Fly Culture, the ultimate question is presented, “Are Black Soldier Flies a legitimate food for catfish?” Chapter 3 is the culminating research project, presented as a journal article, to answer this project’s central question.
Wed, 17 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/296932013-07-17T00:00:00ZStankus, AustinEmpirical and biophysical modeling studies of dispersal barriers for marine plankton
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/29591
Because there are few obvious dispersal barriers in the open ocean, pelagic organisms are typically expected to experience high connectivity over long distances. However, very little work has been done to understand gene flow in pelagic holoplankton on a global scale. In this study, I investigated genetic connectivity among populations of the mesopelagic copepod, Haloptilus longicornis, using both empirical and biophysical modeling approaches. Using the mitochondrial marker, cytochrome oxidase subunit II (mtCOII, 43 locations, N = 1059), highly significant genetic structure was detected among ocean basins (global FST = 0.20; p < 0.00001), with the exception of a lack of genetic structure between South Atlantic and Indian Ocean populations of H. longicornis. Genetic breaks were also detected among subtropical gyre populations within the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in this species (Atlantic: FCT = 0.21, Pacific: FCT = 0.15, AMOVA, p < 0.00001 for both oceans). I tested for Isolation by Distance (IBD) on the basin and gyre scales in the Atlantic and Pacific, and observed a significant relationship between genetic and geographic distance for basin-wide comparisons (p < 0.01 for Mantel; linear regression: R2 = 0.142 for Pacific, R2 = 0.266 for Atlantic; p < 0.001 for both); however, there was no pattern of IBD for the within-gyre comparisons in any of the four subtropical gyres (p >> 0.05 for all). In combination, these results suggest that the significant result for IBD in the basin-scale comparisons was driven by the equatorial genetic breaks observed in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, the equatorial genetic break was accompanied by low abundance of H. longicornis (0-12oN), and pilot studies indicated that reproductive failure was high in this region. These results indicate that the equatorial region may be poor quality habitat for this species and serve as a biophysical dispersal barrier to migrants traveling among subtropical gyre habitats. In order to better understand contemporary dispersal patterns and the mechanism underlying this dispersal barrier in the Atlantic Ocean, I simulated particle dispersal for 30 years using the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) model coupled with a particle-tracking scheme. Particle dispersal was simulated using physical forcing alone and in combination with increased mortality or decreased reproduction in the equatorial region, in order to determine whether a physical or a biophysical dispersal barrier exists in the equatorial Atlantic. Particle dispersal forced with physical oceanographic processes predicted that 26% of particles originating in the southern gyre dispersed to the northern gyre over the 30-year simulation, which is an unrealistically high rate of connectivity given the empirical genetic divergence observed among these populations. When conservative biological processes were imposed in the equatorial region, connectivity among populations in the northern and southern subtropical gyres ceased. These results suggest that the dispersal barrier across the equatorial region must be biophysical in nature, and that it likely prevents contemporary dispersal among subtropical gyre populations. Therefore, populations of H. longicornis in the subtropical gyres of the northern and southern Atlantic are demographically as well as genetically isolated, and may evolve independently in response to local selective pressures. This is the first study on marine holoplankton to compare biophysical modeling predictions with empirical genetic data in order to identify the mechanism underlying a pelagic dispersal barrier.
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/295912013-07-16T00:00:00ZNorton, EmilyResource-use systems of ancient Champa
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/27418
Thesis (M. A.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1972.
Mon, 13 May 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/274182013-05-13T00:00:00ZSox, David GriffithsCongruence Lattices of Finite Algebras
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25938
An important and long-standing open problem in universal algebra asks whether every finite lattice
is isomorphic to the congruence lattice of a finite algebra. Until this problem is resolved, our
understanding of finite algebras is incomplete, since, given an arbitrary finite algebra, we cannot say
whether there are any restrictions on the shape of its congruence lattice. If we find a finite lattice
that does not occur as the congruence lattice of a finite algebra (as many suspect we will), then we
can finally declare that such restrictions do exist.
By a well known result of Palfy and Pudlak, the problem would be solved if we could prove
the existence of a finite lattice that is not the congruence lattice of a transitive group action or,
equivalently, is not an interval in the lattice of subgroups of a finite group. Thus the problem of
characterizing congruence lattices of finite algebras is closely related to the problem of characterizing
intervals in subgroup lattices.
In this work, we review a number of methods for finding a finite algebra with a given congruence
lattice, including searching for intervals in subgroup lattices. We also consider methods for proving
that algebras with a given congruence lattice exist without actually constructing them. By combining
these well known methods with a new method we have developed, and with much help from computer
software like the UACalc and GAP, we prove that with one possible exception every lattice with at
most seven elements is isomorphic to the congruence lattice of a finite algebra. As such, we have
identified the unique smallest lattice for which there is no known representation. We examine this
exceptional lattice in detail, and prove results that characterize the class of algebras that could
possibly represent this lattice.
We conclude with what we feel are the most interesting open questions surrounding this problem
and discuss possibilities for future work.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2012.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259382012-01-01T00:00:00ZDeMeo, William J.Sparse ordinary graphs
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25937
Ordinary graphs are directed graphs that can be viewed as generalizations of symmetric block designs. They were introduced by Fossorier, Jezek, Nation and Pogel in [2] in an attempt to construct new finite projective planes. In this thesis we investigate some special cases of ordinary graphs, most prominently the case where nonadjacent vertices have no common neighbors. We determine all connected graphs of this type that exist.
vii, 65 leaves, bound ; 29 cm.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2005.
Sat, 01 Jan 2005 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259372005-01-01T00:00:00ZKalk, Jonathan W.Small lattices
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25936
This dissertation introduces triple gluing lattices and proves that a triple gluing lattice is small if the key subcomponents are small. Then attention is turned to triple gluing irreducible small lattices. The triple gluing irreducible [Special characters omitted.] lattices are introduced. The conditions which insure [Special characters omitted.] small are discovered. This dissertation also give some triple gluing irreducible small lattices by gluing [Special characters omitted.] 's. Finally, K-structured lattices are introduced. We prove that a K-structured lattice L is triple gluing irreducible if and only if [Special characters omitted.] . We prove that no 4-element antichain lies in u 1 /v1 of a K-structured small lattice. We also prove that some special lattices with 3-element antichains can not lie in u1 /v1 of a K-structured small lattice.
viii, 87 leaves, bound : ill. ; 29 cm.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2000.
Sat, 01 Jan 2000 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259362000-01-01T00:00:00ZHeeney, Xiang Xia HuangPotential Good Reduction of Degree 2 Rational Maps
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25935
We give a complete characterization of degree two rational maps on P1 with potential good reduction over local fields. We show this happens exactly when the map corresponds to an integral point in the moduli space M2. The proof includes an algorithm by which to conjugate any degree two rational map corresponding to an integral point in M2 into a map with unit resultant. The local fields result is used to solve the same problem for number fields with class number 1. Some additional results are given for degree 2 rational maps over Q. We also give a full description of post-critically finite maps in M2(Q), including the algorithm used to find them.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2012.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259352012-01-01T00:00:00ZYap, DianeP-adic analysis and mock modular forms
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25934
A mock modular form f+ is the holomorphic part of a harmonic Maass form f. The non-holomorphic part of f is a period integral of a cusp form g, which we call the shadow of f+. The study of mock modular forms and mock theta functions is one of the most active areas in number theory with important works by Bringmann, Ono, Zagier, Zwegers, among many others. The theory has many wide-ranging applications: additive number theory, elliptic curves, mathematical physics, representation theory, and many others.
We consider arithmetic properties of mock modular forms in three different settings: zeros of a certain family of modular forms, coupling the Fourier coefficients of mock modular forms and their shadows, and critical values of modular L-functions.
For a prime p > 3, we consider j-zeros of a certain family of modular forms called Eisenstein series. When the weight of the Eisenstein series is p - 1, the j-zeros are j-invariants of elliptic curves with supersingular reduction modulo p. We lift these j-zeros to a p-adic field, and show that when the weights of two Eisenstein series are p-adically close, then there are j-zeros of both series that are p-adically close.
A direct method for relating the coefficients of shadows and mock modular forms is not known. This is considered to be among the first of Ono's Fundamental Problems for mock modular forms. The fact that a shadow can be cast by infinitely many mock modular forms, and the expected transcendence of generic mock modular forms pose serious obstructions to this problem. We solve these problems when the shadow is an integer weight cusp form. Our solution is p-adic, and it relies on our definition of an algebraic regularized mock modular form.
We use mock modular forms to compute generating functions for the critical values of modular L-functions. To obtain this result we derive an Eichler-Shimura theory for weakly holomorphic modular forms and mock modular forms. This includes an "Eichler-Shimura isomorphism", a "multiplicity two" Hecke theory, a correspondence between mock modular periods and classical periods, and a "Haberland-type" formula which expresses Petersson's inner product and a related antisymmetric inner product on M!k in terms of periods.
87 leaves, bound ; 29 cm.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2010.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259342011-01-01T00:00:00ZKent, Zachary ALinear preservers and entire functions with restricted zero loci
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25933
Let T : R [x] → R [x] be a linear operator such that T[ xk] = gammakxk for all k = 0, 1, 2, ..., where gamma k ∈ R . The real sequence gkinfinity k=0 is called a multiplier sequence if for any p ∈ R [x], having only real zeros, T[ p] also has only real zeros. A characterization of all multiplier sequences that can be interpolated by rational functions is given. This partially solves a problem of G. Csordas and T. Craven, who asked for a characterization of all the meromorphic functions, Y(k), such that Yk infinityk=0 is a multiplier sequence.
An eight-year-old conjecture of I. Krasikov is proved. Several discrete analogues of classical inequalities for polynomials with only real zeros are obtained, along with results which allow extensions to a class of transcendental entire functions in the Laguerre-Polya class. A study of finite difference operators which preserve reality of zeros is initiated, and new results are proved.
Composition theorems and inequalities for polynomials having their zeros in a sector are obtained. These are analogs of classical results by Polya, Schur, and Turan. In addition, a result of Obreschkoff is used to show that the Jensen polynomials related to the Riemann xi-function have only real zeros up to degree 1017. Sufficient conditions are established for a linear transformation to map polynomials having zeros only in a sector to polynomials of the same type, and some multivariate extensions of these results are presented. A complete characterization is given for linear operators which preserve closed ("strict") half-plane stability in the univariate Weyl algebra. These results provide new information about a general stability problem posed formally by G. Csordas and T. Craven. In his 2011 AMS Bulletin article, D. G. Wagner describes recent activity in multivariate stable polynomial theory as "exciting work---elementary but subtle, and with spectacular consequences." Wagner points out that many of the recent advancements in the theory of multivariate stable polynomials are due to the pioneering work of J. Borcea and P. Branden. These results play an important role in the investigation of linear stability preservers in this dissertation.
Several different approaches to characterizing linear transformations which map polynomials having zeros only in one region of the complex plane to polynomials of the same type are explored. In addition, an open problem of S. Fisk is solved, and several partial results pertaining to open problems from the 2007 AIM workshop "Polya-Schur-Lax problems: hyperbolicity and stability preservers" are obtained.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2011.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259332011-01-01T00:00:00ZChasse, Matthew NegusLinear Operators and the Distribution of Zeros of Entire Functions
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25932
Motivated by the work of Pólya, Schur, and Turán, a complete characterization of multiplier sequences for the Hermite polynomial basis is given. Laguerre's theorem and a remarkable curve theorem due to Pólya are generalized. Sufficient conditions for the location of zeros in certain strips in the complex plane are determined. Results pertaining to multiplier sequences and complex zero decreasing sequences for other polynomial sets are established.
viii, 178 leaves, bound ; 29 cm.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2007.
Mon, 01 Jan 2007 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/259322007-01-01T00:00:00ZPiotrowski, AndrzejStress, Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Performance for Collegiate Student-Athletes: An Application of the Stress-Buffering Model
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25805
The stress-buffering model was used as a framework to explore the ways in which perceptions of social support are related to student-athletes’ stress, self-efficacy, and performance in their academic and athletic lives. Ninety-seven student-athletes were asked to complete a survey that measured these constructs with regard to a specific academic and athletic event. Results showed a significant negative relationship between stress and self-efficacy in an academic context and a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and performance in both an academic and athletic context. Received social support was not significantly related to self-efficacy. The overall results showed moderate support for the stress-buffering model. Future research should explore the harmful and beneficial effects of stress for SAs, whether received or perceived availability of social support is helpful to SAs, and where social support rests in the stress-coping process.
A thesis to be submitted to the graduate division of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Communicology August 2012.
Tue, 29 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/258052013-01-29T00:00:00Zvan Raalte, LisaMaking a Case For Palauans: An Analysis of Public Lands Cases in Palau
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/25584
Beginning with Palauan perspectives and worldviews, this thesis traces the genealogy of the modern-day court system in Palau. It ends with an analysis of cases showing how the return of public lands in Palau has been largely impeded by the nature of a court system that came from a different set of interests than that of Palauans’ interests. The court system embodies ideologies in place that do not necessarily fit well with Palauan needs and interests. Many problems may be seen in the land cases analyzed in this thesis. As a result, it is argued that there is no better time than now for Palauans to reassess not only the way they choose to resolve conflicts, but also which ideology governs the way they decide to operate.
Pacific Island Studies
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/255842012-01-01T00:00:00ZMatsutaro, EbilDance of the Paiwan aboriginal people of Pingtung County, Taiwan: with implications of dance for tribal classification
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24330
Sat, 01 Jan 1977 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/243301977-01-01T00:00:00ZKwok, MadelineVete: The Emerging Movement on Efate, Vanuatu Politics and Indigenous Alternatives
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24273
plan A; Pacific Islands Studies
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/242732011-01-01T00:00:00ZWilson, DorahSapon Riki Ba Kain Toromon: A Study of the I-Kiribati Community in Solomon Islands
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24272
plan B; Pacific Islands Studies
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/242722011-01-01T00:00:00ZTabe, TammyLei Stories: Experiences and Practices Behind Lei Producation in Hawaii
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24271
With the emergence of a globalized capitalist economy, discussions regarding social meanings of things are constructed more around symbols: how things are represented and categorized, rather than practice: how things are produced and consumed. Especially in Hawai‘i, where tourism has a strong presence in the landscapes and the lives of people, issues concerning representation of “Hawaiian culture” are widely argued both in the business and academic arenas. Lei, which is generally regarded as a “Hawaiian cultural commodity,” circulates widely within both the everyday life of the local community and the tourist industry. While much of the discussion of lei is centered on its representation and authenticity, its production processes remain unrevealed. Who are the producers? Under what conditions do they make lei? What are the local and extra-local connections involved in the production process? Through following the chain of production and consumption, my project aims to outline the interconnectedness of people and their social activities in relation to today’s capitalist economy. Choosing lei as a product of research is, therefore, a challenge for naturalized thinking processes about culture and its connection to everyday material life.
plan B; Pacific Islands Studies
Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/242712010-01-01T00:00:00ZNishida, JunkoHua Ka Nalu: Hawaiian Surf Literature
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24270
plan A; Pacific Islands Studies
Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10125/242702010-01-01T00:00:00ZMasterson, Ian